The Issue…About Human Trafficking

Human trafficking is a $150 billion global industry. It enslaves 35+ million men, women, & children around the world & in the U.S. Approximately 2 million children are subjected to sexual exploitation in the global commercial sex trade.

Human trafficking is defined as “the use of force, threat of force, fraud or coercion to recruit, harbor, transport, provide or obtain any person for labor or commercial sex, or to cause a person under 18 to engage in a commercial sex act,” according to the Justice Department.

Definition of Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors:

Commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors encompass a range of crimes of a sexual nature committed against children and adolescents, including:

  • recruiting, enticing, harboring, transporting, providing, obtaining, and/or maintaining (acts that constitute trafficking) a minor for the purpose of sexual exploitation
  • exploiting a minor through prostitution
  • exploiting a minor through survival sex (exchanging sex/sexual acts for money or something of value, such as shelter, food, or drugs)
  • using a minor in pornography
  • exploiting a minor through sex tourism, mail order bride trade, and early marriage
  • exploiting a minor by having her/him perform in sexual venues (e.g., peep shows or strip clubs).
Consequences for Victims:

Medical Issues for Sexually Exploited Children…

  • Physical Abuse
  • Sexual Violence
  • Untreated Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Aids
  • Forced Abortion
  • Back alley Abortions
  • No Medical Follow Up
  • Poor Hygiene
  • Malnutrition
  • Estimated 7 Year Life Expectancy
  • 40% Higher Mortality Rate

Psychological Issues…

  • Trauma Bonds
  • Stockholm Syndrome
  • Low Self-Esteem
  • Depression
  • Suicidal Tendencies
  • Immaturity
  • PTSD
  • Forty Percent Higher Mortality Rate

PTSD/Sexual Abuse…

  • Fear
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Anger
  • Hostility
  • Aggression
  • Sexually inappropriate behavior
  • Self-destructive behavior
  • Feelings of isolation
  • Stigma
  • Poor self-esteem
  • Difficulty in trusting others
  • Substance abuse
  • Sexual maladjustment

Journal of Institute of Medicine

Department of Justice